Olive Oil – Magic In a Bottle

Olive oil
Written by Blair Koster

As complex and rich as wine, olive oil has offered humanity the gifts of health and prosperity. Since ancient times, olive branches have symbolized peace, the leaves have crowned the heads of champions and the oil has anointed warriors and athletes.

Olives are harvested around the world in the fall, so now is a good time to learn about the mighty olive’s nutritional benefits and how to select the right oil.

Polyphenols are the health superstars found in extra-virgin olive oil. “The higher the polyphenols, the better the olives are for you,” says Shauna Wells, owner of the Olive Oil Taproom in Henrico. The polyphenols help reduce the bad cholesterol (LDL) and raise your good cholesterol (HDL). Wells says extra-virgin olive oil should come in a dark bottle, have a strong aroma and taste like pepper in the back of your throat. The oil grabs your palate because polyphenols are still in the oil. The higher the polyphenol level, the more lingering the pepper and the greater the  health benefits.

FYI: Today, the olive tree is cultivated in California, Mexico, Peru, Chile and Argentina.  About 800 million olive trees can be found throughout the world.

Many studies have found a link between high polyphenols found in extra-virgin olive oil and a lower incidence of coronary disease and stroke. Portuguese researchers have found an antioxidant that protects red blood cells from damage caused by free radicals and prevents hardening of the arteries. Other studies indicate that it can relieve arthritis aches, inhibit breast and colon cancer and even help to control diabetes.

In addition to heart-protective benefits, olive oil provides all the natural flavors, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants of the ripe olive fruit. In fact, most doctors advocate lowering total fat and calories in your diet, and substituting butter, margarine and tropical oils with healthy fats like olive oil.

Olive oil has many uses in cooking, too. Think of it as you would wine, and use different oils for different purposes. Robust extra-virgin olive oils add flavor to fish and meat and are great for making marinades. Wells, who frequently offers tastings to introduce her customers to different varieties and flavors, says a medium-intensity extra-virgin olive oil works perfectly on mozzarella, for bread dipping, in vinaigrette or sprinkled on steamed vegetables or baked potatoes. All-natural organic butter olive oil is infused with the rich flavor of butter and makes an excellent butter substitute, great for cooking with crab or shrimp, for dipping bread or to flavor pasta, mashed potatoes or rice. This type of olive oil is also good for baking. Wells recommends organic basil infused oil, which has a delectable tomato flavor, for use on summer salads or caprese. Use mellow, late harvest versions in baking or to make mayonnaise. Olive oil or virgin types are good for frying and sautéing. Finally, take care to not use excessive heat, since this will cause it to lose its taste and fragrance. Use a less expensive choices for frying, while adding more flavorful oil after cooking or at the table for dipping or dressing. Finally, keep in mind that a tablespoon of olive oil has almost 120 calories.

Perhaps olive oil really is ‘liquid gold.’ With just a drizzle of extra-virgin olive oil, you’re on your way to a healthier way of life.

TYPES OF OLIVE OIL :

“Extra-Virgin”—Top- grade, low acidity. This type comes from the first pressing of the best handpicked olives. The oil is mechanically pressed, requiring no heat or chemicals. Extra-virgin olive oil has natural antioxidants that keep it from going rancid. Flavor, color and consistency vary due to different olive varieties, location and weather.
 
“Virgin”—Slightly more acidic and pressed from lower-grade fruit. The oil may come from a second or third pressing of pulp, also mechanically pressed.
 
“Pure” —Also called commercial olive oil, it is extracted from pulp and pits left after the second pressing of lower quality olives. Heat, high pressure and solvents are used. “Pure” means that no other oil types are mixed in.
 
“Lite” or “Light”—In the U.S., this flavorless and often low-quality refined oil is sold under this name for a premium price, explains Wells. The “light” designation refers to flavor, not caloric content.
 
“Blended”—Most supermarket brands are blended from many different varieties, regions and countries. Blending some oil high in polyphenols (antioxidants) with one that is not increases shelf life. Sometimes olive oil is illegally blended with canola
or hazelnut.
 
“Flavored”— Infused with herbs or fruits.
 
“Cold Pressed”—An unregulated term, but it means the fruits are pressed at room temperature at the mill using no heat or chemicals. Virgin and extra virgin versions are the only truly “cold-pressed” types.
 
“First Press”—A century ago, oil was pressed in screw or hydraulic presses. The paste was subjected to increasingly high pressures. Today, it is mostly made in continuous centrifugal presses, and there is no second press, which means this description is no longer relevant.
 
“Early Harvest”— From the fall harvest. These oils contain the flavor of grass, green, green leaf and are pungent with higher polyphenols.
 
“Late Harvest”—This “winter” fruit is riper, so like ripe fruit, it has a light taste with little bitterness and more floral flavors. Contains notes of peach, melon, apple and fruity flavors.
 
—-

About the author

Blair Koster

Blair Koster is a freelance writer with The Health Journal. She has worked for Boomer Magazine as well as the Richmond Times-Dispatch as a copywriter for four years. Her hobbies include hiking, camping, walking her spunky hound Abby, and reading.

Health JournalSubscribe to our Thursday “Healthy Reads!”